What is the problem of knowledge? Not that we don't know. But that we know too much. The recent financial crisis happened not because of ignorance, but because a surplus in knowledge (example: deregulation and its banking instruments, such as derivatives, being applied to the economy with insufficient data).
The received idea is that knowledge goes hand in hand with the problems and challenges of the present (i.e., the Theory of Relativity was discovered against the background of Maxwell's electromagnetic equations). In a sense knowledge is context-bounded.
Welcome to the hall-of-mirrors of knowledge!
Given a problem, we figure we need "new" knowledge to deal with it. It follows that the "new" knowledge ignores the context of the "old" knowledge (a structural and political fault): A battle of survival, a sort of tectonic struggle between both knowledge/versions. For a time the prevailing knowledge works fine, then something falters. The breakthrough is that the "new" knowledge actually didn't stand up to the problem. We loose faith, and look back. Now the "old" knowledge seems to make sense, only the context has shifted (did it really?). We try to re-revise our knowledge, but there's no way back. What we've missed is not
Moreover, being that "problem" itself is a knowledge/category, what if there was no "problem" to begin with?_________
*Kurt Gödel's undecidability theorem starts from a similar paradox. Gödel constructed a formula that proved that no system (including explanatory systems) can be both comprehensive and consistent, for in striving to be comprehensive it would have to account for itself, and it cannot do that and be consistent.